PROJECTS: NEW YORK'S TUGBOATS: 131022_tugboats2-348-Edit

STATEN ISLAND, NY - OCT 22: Deckhand Walter Serrano carries a rope across a barge with the New York skyline in the background on October 22, 2013. Federal requirements have made it more difficult to acquire a mate's license, closing off the traditional {quote}hawse pipe{quote} route from deck to wheelhouse on a towing vessel.

STATEN ISLAND, NY - OCT 22: Deckhand Walter Serrano carries a rope across a barge with the New York skyline in the background on October 22, 2013. Federal requirements have made it more difficult to acquire a mate's license, closing off the traditional "hawse pipe" route from deck to wheelhouse on a towing vessel.